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Friday, June 24, 2022

More than 100,000 five-year-olds are NOT fully protected against polio, shock stats show

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Polio is a condition that mainly affects children under the age of five.

Data from previous outbreaks shows that one in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis.

Of those five to ten per cent die.

Some of the first evidence of polio comes from Ancient Egypt. 

A tablet from a stone carving in 1403-1365 BC showed a priest with characteristics of polio.

1798: It was given its first clinical description by the British physician Michael Underwood

1840: Was recognised as a condition by Jakob Heine

1840 – 1900: In the UK polio was a major health crisis in the Victorian England and there were also major incidents in Europe.

1916: New York experienced the first large epidemic, there were more than 9,000 cases and 2,343 deaths.

1928: Philip Drinker and Louie Shaw develop the ‘iron lung’ technology to help have children ravaged by the condition. Kids would spend two weeks in the device, which has today been made redundant by vaccinations.

1950: The illness wreaked havoc in the UK at this time. The country was rocked by a series of polio epidemics, with as many as 8,000 people suffering paralytic poliomyelitis.

1952: US saw over 57,000 cases. It was also in 1952 that Dr Jonas Salk started to develop a vaccine.

1953: Cases started to fall as jabs were rolled out.

1961: The oral polio vaccine was rolled out. Despite the advances, at this time there were still 79 deaths in the UK and 707 acute cases.

1962: Brits started to use the oral vaccine.

1988: Polio had disappeared from the UK, US and much of Europe but was still around in more than 125 counties.

1994: World Health Organization Americas region is certified polio free

1997: Last wild cases in the Western Pacific region are recorded

2002: Europe is certified polio-free

2011: China returned to its polio-free status

2012: At this point, polio is still endemic in Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and India.

2013: Outbreak in Syria

2015: Polio endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan

2016: Case of polio in Nigeria

2020: Type 1 was only in circulation in Pakistan and Afghanistan, while type 2 and 3 have been eliminated for over a decade.

2021: Five cases of polio globally

February 2022: First case of polio detected in Africa in five years, leaving a three-year-old girl in Malawi paralysed

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